CPR in 10 steps

Although it is very rare for a new born baby to stop breathing, this blog explains how to do Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) in the unlikely event that you would need to use it. I recommend that you print this and go over it a few times to ensure you feel confident with each step.


  1. If you think a baby has stopped breathing, lay the baby on a firm flat surface, like a sturdy table or on the floor and touch or gently flick the soles of their feet to check for response.
  2. If the baby is newborn and up to about 6 weeks old, have the head in the neutral position, lined up with the spine (sniffing the air position). Older babies may need a subtle head tilt chin lift to achieve this.
  3. Look, listen and feel for normal breathing. Count a steady 10 seconds whilst looking down the chest and stomach for signs of breathing and see if you can feel any breath on your cheek.
  4. If the baby is not breathing or there are occasional gasps, you will need to start CPR and send someone to call 999. If you are on your own, you should give 1 minute of CPR before going to call 999 (you may be able to carry the baby with you)
  5. Start CPR with 5 Initial Rescue Breaths – attempt only 5 puffs of air by making a seal over the baby’s mouth and nose and breathing in, allow the breath to come out before attempting the next breath.
  6. Then perform 30 Chest Compressions (pumps) in the middle of the baby’s chest, using 2 fingers. The chest pumps are given at a rate of 100 – 120 beats per minute (almost 2 per second) and at a depth of 4cm (a third of the baby’s chest).
  7. Return to the airway and making a seal over the mouth and nose, attempt 2 breaths (puffs) and then continue with a cycle of 30 pumps to 2 puffs.
  8. Do not stop CPR unless Medical help arrives and asks you to move aside.
  9. If you have another person with you, they can take over at regular intervals to stop you from becoming tired, especially if the ambulance is delayed.
  10. Do not stop CPR unless the baby shows signs of complete recovery such as normal breathing, coughing, crying and moving purposefully.

I really hope this is helpful to all parents, if you have any specific questions, as always just ask me marie@mlmaternity.com